Women: Know Your risk factors for heart disease
- Stop smoking, avoid secondhand smoke.
- Ask your doctor if nicotine replacement or other medicines are right for you.
- Join a smoking cessation program.
Risk: High blood pressure (hypertension)
<120/80 is the ideal blood pressure.
<130/80 if you have diabetes or kidney problems.
- To lower your BP, lose weight, exercise regularly and avoid eating foods high in sodium (salt).
Risk: High cholesterol
To reach your goal cholesterol levels, follow a low-fat diet, exercise regularly and take medicines as prescribed.
Regarding recommended cholesterol levels, current American Heart Association guidelines reference one’s overall risk assessment. View the AHA cardiac risk factor calculator.
A diagnosis of pre-diabetes is made if Hemoglobin A1c (HgA1C) is between 5.7 and 6.4 percent. Diabetes is diagnosed if HgA1C is greater than 6.4 percent. Target for fasting glucose is <100 mg/dL.
- To maintain blood glucose levels in an acceptable range, take medicines as directed, follow your special diet and get regular exercise.
- Talk to a diabetes educator.
- Keep a diary of your blood glucose levels. Report to your doctor values outside of the prescribed range.
Goal is a 35-inch or less waist and <25 body mass index (BMI).
- To lose weight follow a healthy diet and increase your activity level.
Risk: Lack of exercise
Exercise frequently. This can include taking brisk walks, using stairs or gardening.